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Three-dimensional antipodal and norm-equilateral sets

by Achill Schürmann, Konrad Swanepoel.

Series: 2005-19, Preprints

52A21 Finite-dimensional Banach spaces (including special norms, zonoids, etc.)
49Q15 Geometric measure and integration theory, integral and normal currents

We characterize the three-dimensional spaces admitting at least six or at least seven equidistant points. In particular, we show the existence of $C^\infty$ norms on $\R^3$ admitting six equidistant points, which refutes a conjecture of Lawlor and Morgan (1994, Pacific J. Math \textbf{166}, 55--83), and gives the existence of energy-minimizing cones with six regions for certain uniformly convex norms on $\R^3$. On the other hand, no differentiable norm on $\R^3$ admits seven equidistant points. A crucial ingredient in the proof is a classification of all three-dimensional antipodal sets. We also apply the results to the touching numbers of several three-dimensional convex bodies.

antipodal sets, equidistant sets, energy-minimizing surfaces, convex norms