### 2015-05

by Soumaya, M.; Gaffke, N.; Schwabe R..

**Series:** 2015-05, Preprints

- MSC:
- 62K05 Optimal designs
- 62H12 Estimation

**Abstract:**

The concept of seemingly unrelated models is used for multivariate obervations when the components of the multivariate dependent variable are governed by mutually different sets of explanatory variables and the only relation between the components is given by a fixed covariance within the observational units. A multivariate weighted least squares estimator is employed which takes the within units covariance matrix into account. In an experimental setup, where the settings of the explanatory variables may be chosen freely by an experimenter, it might be thus tempting to choose the same settings for all components to end up with a multivariate regression model, in which the ordinary and the least squares estimators coincide. However, we will show that under quite natural conditions the optimal choice of the settings will be a product type design which is generated from the optimal counterparts in the univariate models of the single components. This result holds even when the univariate models may change form component to component.

**Keywords:**

multivariate linear model, seemingly unrelated regression, optimal de- sign, product type design.